As the years went on, however, Barbara found her role as Batgirl less and less fulfilling, and she eventually more or less retired.That's when The Joker showed up at her house, shooting and paralyzing her and when he kidnapped her Uncle Jim.Although Gordon would no longer resume her role as Batgirl in subsequent stories, editor Kim Yale and writer John Ostrander soon established the character as a computer expert and information broker code-named Oracle, providing intelligence and computer hacking services to assist other superheroes.The character first appeared as Oracle in Suicide Squad #23 (January 1989).As Batgirl, Barbara Gordon has been described as one of the most popular characters to appear during the Silver Age of Comic Books and is also regarded as a pop culture icon due to her appearances in the Batman television series of the late 1960s and continued media exposure.
From 1967 to 1988, she was the superheroine Batgirl; from 1989 to November, 2011, she had been known as Oracle.
During the early 1970s, the character was also used as an advocate for women's rights.
Following the editorial retirement of the character's Batgirl persona in 1988, Alan Moore's graphic novel Batman: The Killing Joke depicts the Joker shooting Gordon through the spinal cord in her civilian identity and leaving her a paraplegic.
Batgirl became a lighthearted departure from the tortured characters of Batman and Robin, each depicted as fighting crime to avenge the death of their parents. Batgirl continued to appear in DC Comics publications throughout the late sixties and seventies as a supporting character in Detective Comics, in addition to guest appearances in various titles such as Justice League of America, World's Finest Comics, The Brave and the Bold, Action Comics and Superman.
Gordon's motivation for crime fighting was written as being completely altruistic and, unlike Batwoman and Bat-Girl, independent of a male superhero. The character was also given a starring role in DC's Batman Family comic book which debuted in 1975.