Geochronology radiometric dating of rocks and minerals
This method dates the formation or time of crystallisation of the mineral that is being dated; it does not tell when the elements themselves were formed.
It is best used with rocks that contain minerals that crystallised over a very short period, possibly at the same time the rock was formed.
The basic principle Carbon has three naturally occurring (n is a neutron and p is a proton) After formation the three carbon isotopes combine with oxygen to form carbon dioxide.
The carbon dioxide mixes throughout the atmosphere, dissolves in the oceans, and via C in the original sample will have decayed and after another 5568 years, half of that remaining material will have decayed, and so on.
Argon, being an inert gas, usually does not leech out of a mineral and is easy to measure in small samples.The original atom is referred to as the parent and the following decay products are referred to as the daughter.For example: after the it forms a component of all organic compounds and is therefore fundamental to life. Libby of the University of Chicago predicted the existence of carbon-14 before it was actually detected and formulated a hypothesis that radiocarbon might exist in living matter.Shortly after Becquerel's find, Marie Curie, a French chemist, isolated another highly radioactive element, .The realisation that radioactive materials emit rays indicated a constant change of those materials from one element to another.